Evaluation of the European Neighbourhood Instrument

Publication date: 2017

This Staff Working Document evaluates the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) at itsmid-term, covering the period January 2014 to June 2017. With a budget of EUR 15.4 billion,the ENI is the largest financing instrument within the EU budget supporting theimplementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) in the 16 Neighbourhoodcountries. Its overall objective is to advance further towards an area of shared prosperity andgood neighbourliness by developing a special relationship founded on cooperation, peace andsecurity, mutual accountability and a shared commitment to the universal values ofdemocracy, the rule of law and respect for the human rights. The main findings are as follows:The ENI remains relevant and fit for purpose. It has allowed the EU to implement thereviewed Neighbourhood Policy. It has proven its flexibility, in line with the impactassessment, by reacting to the multiple crises and new challenges in the Neighbourhood, inparticular in Ukraine, Tunisia and in relation to the migration crises. The implementation ofthe principle of differentiation has allowed the EU to adapt its support to partner countries’needs and ambitions (e.g. by more than doubling EU assistance to Tunisia), as envisaged inthe ENI impact assessment. However, the response capacity of the instrument has beenstretched to its limits.As regards effectiveness, ENI presents a mixed picture. In the field of human rights,democracy and governance, the political context in many countries has made it difficult topursue comprehensive support strategies and impeded the achievement of significant results.However, EU support in the area of economic governance and trade has contributed to theimproved business environment in several countries in the Eastern Neighbourhood, but alsoMorocco, as well as to the increased trade potential between the Neighbourhood countries andthe EU. Budget support under the ENI has contributed to macroeconomic stabilisation inimportant EU partners such as Jordan, Moldova, Tunisia and Ukraine. The incentive-basedapproach has been only partly successful in promoting deep and sustainable democracy; it hasbeen more effective in supporting those partners committed to reforms (in particular Georgia,Morocco, Tunisia and Ukraine). Overall, the prospects for ensuring the sustainability ofreforms are limited in several countries because of the unfavourable political environment.

Type of Document
Progress reports
Number of pages