Torino Process 2016-17: Ukraine - Executive Summary

Publication date: 2017

The Torino Process 2016–17 is the fourth such exercise in which Ukraine has participated. It is an evidence-based approach to the analysis of VET, based on country ownership and the broad and open participation of stakeholders from the public and private sectors. The objective is to undertake a biennial monitoring of policy progress that will enable partner countries to monitor the implementation of VET reforms and to assess their progress and impact. In 2016, in the context of Ukraine’s decentralisation, the Torino Process was implemented at two levels: at national level, through self-assessment presented in the Torino Process 2016–17 Ukraine report; and at regional level, through self-assessments and analyses of VET in 24 Ukrainian oblasts (Vinnytsia, Volyn, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Zhytomyr, Zakarpattia, Zaporizhzhia, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kyiv, Kirovohrad, Luhansk, Lviv, Mykolayiv, Odesa, Poltava, Rivne, Sumy, Ternopil, Kharkiv, Kherson, Khmelnytskyi, Cherkasy, Chernivtsi, Chernihiv) and the City of Kyiv. VET is analysed in terms of how each region sees the VET system and its development prospects; how efficiently the system addresses economic and labour market demands; how well it is adjusted to demographic, social and inclusion demands; the competence of the technical and vocational education and training system; and management and funding aspects. In terms of progress in VET reforms and achievements, it is important to note that after the Torino Process round in 2014, Ukraine underwent a dramatic transformation linked with the change in its geopolitical course towards integration into the European Union (EU). This is taking place against a background of global challenges, both internal and external: the political crisis, Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014, and its permanent military aggression in the Donbas are major events that currently determine the development of all areas of Ukrainian life. Since 2014, the key reform agenda in Ukraine has been associated with the decentralisation of power; the objective is to break away from the centralised model of management, ensure the capacity of local self-governments, and build an efficient system of territorial power. The aforementioned challenges in the country have acted as a catalyst for changes in the education sector aimed at ‘Europeanisation’ and the approximation to the standards of developed countries under the motto ‘Quality Education and Fair Access to It’. In this context, the VET sector is also undergoing extensive changes. This involves not just minor adjustments, but a drastic restructuring of the VET system.


EU agencies
Type of Document
Country report
Number of pages